Este Blog, organizado por Carlos F.Ramírez y su hijo Luis Ramírez Ruiz, pretende acercar las plumas expertas de miembros del IFFHS con los aficionados de toda Hispanoamérica.
Carlos F.Ramírez es miembro para la Concacaf de la IFFHS y decano de los periodistas de México, con más de 13 Copas del Mundo presenciadas y 6 libros publicados sobre diferentes tópicos del futbol nacional e internacional.
viernes, 13 de diciembre de 2013
THE FIRST KNOWN RECORD OF
SOCCER DATES BACK IN 1775
By Carlos F.
Whether we want to
look deep into the origin of our football of today (or Soccer as the Americans
like to call it) or simply want to enjoy playing or watching it, it helps to
understand the importance it has today by mentioning that the first known record
of the game, dates back to English documents of 1175.
Very soon after
that it was forbidden by the kings Edward II and Richard III, saying that it
led to a decline in archery!Apparently
the players did not take the Royal prohibition seriously because kings constantly
had to make laws to try to stop the game.
Yet, the kids paid
little attention to the kings and went on playing on the streets.A print of the 18th Century shows
London apprentice-workers playing in important avenues of the city.
One can say that
the game was “legalized” when it moved from the streets to grass fields in the
Famous schools of England like Eton and Winchester
still play with the rules that allowed the game under some strict rules.The same thing happened with many who played
on the streets and fields.Some of those
“playing grounds” included a couple of pillars as goals, an endless game since
the ball bounced back and forth from walls.We can imagine what kind of matches were those, kicking the ball to
enter under two upright pieces of wood joined by a piece of tape across the
top.The important matches with the
players wearing caps (it was impossible to head the ball);
long sox covering
the whole leg, enormous shin-guards strapped around the stockings and –
naturally! – a refereewearing a bowler
black hat and carrying a walking stick!Actually there is an old print of football showing a player wearing a
monocle while he kicks the ball!
But the game had
spread around so quickly – rules or not rules – that the Football Association
was born in 1863 in England,
when many clubs and schools agreed to play against each other with the same set
of rules.This brought along the
introduction of fast balls of different sizes; and the first football shoe
appear since it was very difficultto
keep together the pieces of leather skins that were used to protect the legs.
The last important
struggle on how to play the game, endedby the middle of the 19th Century when the advocates of
handling the ball to kick it, accepted that it should be only kicked.The different games were known as “rugger”
and “soccer”.It was quick the change since
the popularity in universities was jumps ahead ofthe “street teams”.Members of the colleges of Sheffield, London,
Cambridge, Nottingham and Lancashire got together and soon the “Football
Association” was created.Non-handling
code and kicking the ball under rules were born thanks to the join efforts of
all those schools.How it developed into
the game we know today will be explained in our next commentary when we will
also talk a little about the Italian version they call “calcio”.